Since demand constraints the supply of available energy, the ways we consume such energy is as important as the ways we produce it.
Responsible use of energy, means properly consuming energy according to our real needs and consistently reducing waste, which enables an efficient use of resources. This is called energy efficiency.
Energy efficiency is all about optimizing our energy consumption and, to that end, many are the challenges we encounter and great is the need for innovation to meet them.
Energy Efficiency in Buildings
The need for improving energy efficiency in European buildings is consensual. Major concerns related to the compliance from the Kyoto Protocol to the Paris Agreement, security of the energy supply, and high energy consumption of the current building stock, led the European Commission to publish several directives about the buildings sector with the aim do decarbonize it until 2050. Facing this need for energy reduction in the residential buildings, innovative solutions have the potential to support the transformation of the building stock, both for new and for retrofitting existing buildings. Such innovative solutions should not only address energy efficiency, but also solutions for local renewable energy production and storage, targeting NZEB – Near Nearly Zero Energy Building approaches.
Energy Efficiency in Industry
The industry sector is one of the major energy consumers and it is strongly dependent on non-renewables energy resources.
In manufacturing, the increase of energy efficiency, needs a proactive attitude by the industry towards the adoption of new technologies, more efficient equipments and innovative processes, available nowadays.
It is critical for the industrial sector to adopt new technological tools to monitor energy consumption, enabling informed investment and business decisions, towards meeting energy efficiency targets. Innovation in production processes is also essential, driving the increase of industry competitiveness in the face of a global market.
Energy Efficiency in Mobility
The social and economic development had proportioned an increase in the mobility capacity of people worldwide. This growth is one of the causes for the actual dependency of non-renewables sources, and, consequently, of serious problems with the environmental contamination.
Nevertheless, the car domain in urban mobility has been changing in a slow and progressive way. The integration of sustainability principles in the urban development has been preconizing the decreasing the individual motor transport influence and, consequently, the promotion of the use of public transport and soft modes.
The future of sustainable mobility is based on technological innovation in vehicles with emphasis to electric mobility and also the multiplication of options like car sharing, soft modes and multimodality, leading users to adjust their behaviours.